Information Security Policies

Elements of Information Security Policies

Effective information security policies have eight key elements. What are these elements and why are these vital in making policies?

Information security or Infosec is now a crucial part of businesses. So, making sure its policies are effective is vital.

It ensures all follow critical steps. Thus, keeping the company from any security threats and breaches.

So, there are key elements of Infosec policies that ensure this is effective.

Read on to know more.

Elements of Information Security Policies


First, companies need to find out the purpose of the policy. It may be to:

  • approach Infosec
  • find and prevent any Infosec breaches like misuse of data apps, computer systems, etc.
  • keep the name of the company
  • make sure to follow ethical and legal duties
  • respect customer rights


For who is the policy? Who should follow it? Who is exempt from it?

Knowing the audience is vital. Companies will base their writing of the document depending on who their target is.

Having no clear audience will only make it confusing. We don’t want that, do we?


The policy should have goals. And it should be clear for all so that they will know the steps and strategies for security.

Infosec has three main goals that companies need to focus on:

  • Confidentiality. Only authorized people can access data.
  • Integrity. Data should be safe, intact, accurate, and complete.
  • Availability. Users should be able to access data when needed.

Authority and Access Control Policy

Making this clear is also vital. Then, they should also outline this. This can be:

  • Hierarchal pattern. The Infosec policy should have different terms for each job level. It may be different for a senior manager versus a junior manager.
  • Network security policy. Users should only be able to access company networks with unique logins.

Data Classification

What is the data? What are its categories? It is vital to know them by:

  • top secret
  • secret
  • confidential
  • pubic

Why? To make sure sensitive data cannot be then seen by those you do not need it. Thus, protecting it tighter.

But also to keep from making so much security efforts on data that is not that vital. Thus, saving efforts.

Data Support and Operations

These are about:

  • Data protection regulations. How do they intend to protect data? Or the systems that keep data? So, they need to make the best practices and standards.
  • Data backup. Keeping backup of data in a secure place in case of emergencies.
  • Movement of data. Only transferring data by a secure protocol. Encrypting it when needed.

Security Awareness and Behavior

Everyone needs to know about security. Then, they also need to have the best behaviors with it.

So, IT teams or heads can train other employees to help them with this. Like helping them set up strong passwords. Or avoiding phishing attacks or other threats.

Rights and Duties of Workers

It is also vital to point out the duties of each worker. Making it clear for them what roles they should or should not play.

Thus, making the policy work well.

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