Cyber Security vs Information Security

Cyber Security vs Information Security: Is It The Same?

Cyber security vs information security. Some people confuse it as the same thing. But, it is not and it has its key differences.

Most people have heard about cyber security at least once. But not that many have heard of the information security of Infosec.

And when they do, they often mistake it as only another term for cyber security. True, they both deal with security.

But what are their key differences? Do they have something in common?

Keep on reading to know more.

Cyber Security vs Information Security

What is Cyber Security?

Cyber security is all about keeping a lot of digital things safe from any cyber threats and attacks. Some of these are:

  • computers
  • networks
  • mobile devices
  • servers
  • electronic systems
  • data

What are these attacks? There are three main kinds:

  • Cyberattacks. For personal reasons, like revenge, etc.
  • Cybercrime. For gaining money.
  • Cyberterrorism. For political reasons.

So, what are some ways to avoid these cyber-attacks, then? These are:

  • network security
  • information security
  • application security
  • operational security
  • disaster recovery

Thus, we can say information security is under cyber security. So, it is not the same at all.

How do some hackers do their attacks? They may use:

  • trojans
  • worms
  • virus
  • phishing
  • spyware
  • ransomware
  • adware
  • SQL injection
  • botnets

Also, physical attacks can happen. So, companies need to keep their physical devices safe.

Thus, making it clear that cyber security is vital today.

What is Information Security?

As said, Infosec is under cyber security. Some also call Infosec “data security”. This may be either digital or physical data.

Also, Infosec has three key foundations, the CIA or:

  • Confidentiality. Blocking any unauthorized access to data.
  • Integrity. Keeping data intact, accurate, and in the right order. Making sure there are no unauthorized changes done.
  • Availability. Letting authorized people securely access data anytime.

Then, it ensures safe data transfer or storage. What are some data that needs protection? These are:

  • biometrics
  • customer data
  • company data
  • employee data
  • social media profiles
  • data on mobile phones

Further, Infosec may have a lot of policies like:

  • access control
  • remote access
  • acceptable use
  • password management

Thus, making it more focused on keeping data safe and secure. But both cyber security and Infosec have something in common. What are these?


Yes, a lot of things set them apart. But they are the same in two areas.

  • They keep physical things safe. If there are any data in a warehouse, they need to keep it safe from outsiders. Also, as we rely more on digital data, both keep safe the devices where it is.
  • They see the value of data. As we all know, data is not vital for all. And both cyber security and Infosec see that. So, both look at data and rank which ones are more crucial than others. Then, letting the most vital have the highest security. Keeping them from any unauthorized access.

So, these are what they have in common. We can see why a lot confuse both as the same. But it is vital to note that they are not, right?

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